Fred R. Coulter

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We are in the book of Galatians. I want to show you how that Abraham, and the promises given to Abraham, all tie in with everything that God has done from Abraham down to now: that which is related to Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, to the nation of Israel and then down to the Church and down to us and down to the Gentiles. All is related to Abraham.

We've seen in Rom. 4 how everything ties back to Abraham, also in Gal. 3 everything ties back to Abraham. This is the whole point that Paul is making. There is nothing that is not related to Abraham in everything in the Bible, from the time of the calling of Abraham down to the fulfillment of the book of Revelation—everything ties back to Abraham.

Galatians 3:11: "Therefore, it is evident that no one is being justified before God by means of law…" Why? How is a person justified before God? And "…before God…" means in the presence.

  • repentance
  • grace
  • forgiveness
  • sacrifice of Christ

All applied to the individual. Is that a defined law? No! What is the purpose of law? To point out what sin is!

"…because it is written, 'The just shall live by faith'" (v 11). What does that mean? Remember, that ties right back to Rom. 1:17—the just shall live by faith! What does that mean? You live by believing God! That's how you live by faith. Whatever you do then is based upon believing what God has said.

Verse 12: "Now then, the Law is not based on faith…" It's not! It just defines. To believe comes from the inside. To have a law out here—on the outside—is not faith.

Here's the comparison {see sermons on Two Righteousnesses—this series}: "…but, 'The man who practices these things shall live in them'" (v 12). That's what God commanded them to do.

  • Has anyone ever lived within the law except Christ?
  • Has anyone ever perfectly kept the law except Christ? No!
  • What happens when you break the law? Sin!

'Sin is the transgression of the law' (1-John 3:4)

  • What happens when you have sinned?
  • What state are you in? You're a sinner!
    • Which means you are cutoff from God!
    • Which means that you are subject to the death penalty!
    • Which means that you are under a curse!

Verse 13: "Christ has redeemed us from the curse of the Law… [you cannot make that read that 'Christ has redeemed us from the law'—but] …the curse of the Law…. [We need the Law to tell us what sin is, but when you sin it is the curse!] …having become a curse for us…"

Here is how Jesus became a curse for us. In other words, taking upon Himself the penalty for our sins, upon our repentance, but also the sins of the whole world in the overall scheme of God's plan.

2-Corinthians 5:19: "Which is, that God was in Christ…" That's something to think about—isn't it? God the Father—through the power of the Holy Spirit and Jesus Christ—also experienced human living through Christ. Not directly as Christ did, but God was in Christ.

"…reconciling the world to Himself, not imputing their trespasses to them…" (v 19). Here again we have the word imputing, which we also saw that when we repent and accept the sacrifice of Jesus Christ and are put in right standing with God the Father—God imputes righteousness to us! Here it says He's not imputing their trespasses to them:

"…and He has entrusted to us this message of reconciliation. Therefore, we are ambassadors for Christ; and God, as it were, is exhorting you through us. We beseech you on behalf of Christ, 'Be reconciled to God.' For He [God the Father] made Him [Jesus Christ] Who knew no sin to be sin for us… [He took the curse!] …so that we might become the righteousness of God in Him" (vs 19-21). See how all that ties in with what we covered concerning the righteousness of God. that God gives you. That is something!

We look at ourselves and we know our own human nature, and we know all the difficulties that we have within us. We know the carnalities which are still there. We can fool other people but we can't fool God. We can fool ourselves if we have self-deception, but on the other hand, God is willing to overlook that; God is willing to inspire us to want to do His way and serve Him by saying, 'If you accept My Son Jesus Christ as your personal Savior, and take that payment for your sins, then I will count you righteous. Before Me you are righteous.' That's something! The Protestants say, because that's so, 'it doesn't matter what we do.' That's not correct! Because that is so, we are to be inspired to want to love God, to want to change and overcome and serve Him. That's what it's all about when it's talking about 'He redeemed us from the curse.'

Galatians 3:13: "Christ has redeemed us from the curse of the Law, having become a curse for us, (for it has been written, 'Cursed is everyone who hangs on a tree'), in order that the blessing of Abraham might come to the Gentiles by Christ Jesus, and that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith" (vs 13-14). That's the whole bottom line, right there.

Let's understand something concerning that we can't keep all of the Law. He's comparing here the law of Israel with the covenant of Abraham. Based upon that, what are the laws that we cannot keep, which were required under the laws given to Israel? There are some laws we cannot keep.

  • we cannot keep any of the tabernacle or temple laws—it doesn't exist
  • we cannot keep any of the priesthood laws—the Levitical priesthood does not exist any longer
  • we cannot enforce the death penaltywe cannot enforce the civil penalties

The way it was under the Old Covenant with Israel, if you didn't do these things you were under a curse. Now comes along the fulfillment of the covenant with Abraham and we have a whole different standard. The standard is this:

  • Christ is the High Priest, so we still have a High Priest
  • the temple is the temple in heaven above, not on earth, so we still have temple
  • the sacrifice is the sacrifice of Jesus Christ, so we still have a sacrifice, but it's a greater sacrifice

Is not the death of the Creator of mankind a greater sacrifice than that of any animal? Yes! Greater than the sum total of all animals and all human beings combined together, because He's the Creator! We have laws and commandments to keep—don't we?

  • those laws and commandments to keep are those that can be written in our heart and in our mind

That includes the Ten Commandments; that includes any of the commandments that we can do personally.

Let's understand something very clearly, so we will understand why we are to keep the Holy Days. One of the requirements that was under the Old Covenant was that when you would keep the three Holy Days you would come to the place where God chose to place His name, which was at the tabernacle, wherever it was when there was the tabernacle; the temple in Jerusalem when it was built. Now then, those people who later were in exile could not fulfill those commands they weren't in covenant with God because they were exiled.

Jesus came and was preparing the time when the whole type of worship was going to change. We find in John 4:19, the account with the woman at the well: "The woman said to Him, 'Sir, I perceive that You are a prophet. Our fathers worshiped in this mountain, but you say that the place where it is obligatory to worship is in Jerusalem.' Jesus said to her, 'Woman, believe Me, the hour is coming when you shall neither in this mountain nor in Jerusalem worship the Father. You do not know what you worship….'" (vs 19-22). That's where Simon Magus was; that's where the Samaritan Jews were.

"…We know what we worship, for salvation is of the Jews. But the hour is coming, and now is… [He's preparing the way] …when the true worshipers shall worship the Father in Spirit and in Truth… ['in Spirit' means written in your heart and mind; 'in Truth' means according to the Word of God] …for the Father is indeed seeking those who worship Him in this manner" (vs 22-23). The place is no longer a requirement. The condition of heart is now the requirement. That is the requirement: in Spirit and in Truth!

Verse 24: "God is Spirit, and those who worship Him must… [are duty-bound] …worship in Spirit and in Truth.'" When Jesus came He said, 'I am the Way, and the Truth, and the Life.' He brought the Truth of God. He brought the Truth of how we are to worship Him and so forth. All of this ties in with what we are talking about here in Gal. 3.

Now we have all of those laws and commandments that we are to keep, that amount to:

  • the Ten Commandments
  • the Holy Days
  • how to conduct our lives

Go through the book of Proverbs and see the daily admonitions for the things day-by-day that we are to do: the wicked/the righteous; the diligent/the slothful and all of that sort of thing. That's all part of it. We must do that. However, because the Church now is no longer a physical nation like Israel, since God gave sovereignty to all of the nations, God gave to all of the nations the administration of death. Whether they followed God's Law or not He gave it to them.

When you have that, you cannot have another sovereign organization come within a sovereign nation and exercise the death penalty. You cannot do that. God would not have that conflict. How long do you think the Church would last if, in whatever nation it were, when there was a transgressor within a congregation there was, for example, adultery, we had a trial, we gave the death penalty, and we took them out and stoned them? We would be going against the sovereignty that God gave to the civil governments to do. In the New Covenant—with the covenant that comes from Abraham down to us through Jesus Christ—we do not have the administration of death. That's very important for us to realize.

Here's a good example: When Christ was brought before Pilate, what did the Jews say? We have a law that He's worthy of death because He's made Himself the Son of God! But they couldn't put Him to death—could they? They wanted to, so what they did, they manipulated and used the civil authorities to do it. That sounds like something you could even watch in the news today. Why was that done? Some people like to say the Jews killed Christ. No! They had a part in it. The Jews like to say the Roman soldiers killed Christ. No, they had a part in it. Who killed Christ? Every sinner that's ever lived!That's why God had the Jews, on the one hand, for condemnation; Gentiles, on the other hand, to execute the death; but they were all involved, so that sin comes upon all people—Jews and Gentiles. All have to come to Christ, to that same sacrifice, for the forgiveness of sin.

Galatians 3:15: "Brethren (I am speaking from a human perspective), even when a man's covenant has been ratified [confirmed]…"—and I explain the difference between covenant and testament:

  • A covenant is and irrevocable promise, which must be fulfilled or you die. With covenantal law you can't add to it, you cannot change it. Once the agreement is made, you must stand by it.
  • Testamental law, for writing a will, says what's going to happen after you die. Testamental law, with a will, you can change as long as you're living.

I bequeath to my son, my daughter, and so and so. Then you find out that they are completely unworthy of it. What do you do? You make what is called a codicil! You put an attachment to that will or write a new one. You can do it because the will is not in force until you die. In your second will you say, 'So and so have turned out to be dirty rats. So therefore, I disinherit them. I will give them $1 and they can have nothing of my estate.' Covenantal law is different. The promises given to Abraham could not be broken! Nor could they be changed! That's what he's explaining here.

Verse 15: "Brethren (I am speaking from a human perspective), even when a man's covenant has been ratified, no one nullifies it, or adds a codicil to it. Now, to Abraham and to his Seed were the promises spoken…." (vs 15-16). He's going from Abraham to Christ.

"…He does not say, 'and to your seeds,' as of many; but as of one, 'and to your Seed,' which is Christ. Now this I say, that the covenant ratified… [a confirmed covenant is standing; it must be executed from the time it's confirmed] …beforehand by God to Christ… [the Law which was given to Israel] …which was given four hundred and thirty years later, so as to make the promise of no effect" (vs 16-17).

That is exactly what Judaism tries to do! To say that the covenant given to Israel—hence to Judah—is the greatest, most important thing. Therefore, everyone must keep the laws or the Noahide Laws if you're a Gentile. Paul is saying it "…cannot be annulled…so as to make the promise of no effect."

What was promised? The Seed! The covenant, the same kind of covenant that Abraham had!

That is not the covenant that the children of Israel had. They did not have the same covenant. They had a separate covenant. Once we understand these and clarify this step-by-step, it will become very, very clear.

Verse 18: "For if the inheritance is by law…" Let's look at it this way: We can look at covenantal law and we can look at testamental law. What if you made out a will—testamental law—and you had ten children. You said, 'I'm going to give ten percent of everything I have to each one of my children.' What if there was a law of the land that said that the state must first take fifty percent of that? That law will make your will of no effect. At a minimum, it will cut it in half. That's what we're talking about here.

Verse 18: "For if the inheritance is by law, it is no longer by promise…." God promised eternal life. It starts out with the promise of eternal life to begin with (Gen. 15). That's primary to everything else coming down.

"…But God graciously granted it to Abraham by promise…. [since God did this] …Why then the law? It was placed alongside the promises… [the promises given to Abraham—you can't add to; you can't take away, but you can place it alongside.] …for the purpose of defining transgressions, until the Seed would come to Whom the promise was made… [the promise was made to Christ] …having been… [the law] …ordained through angels in the hand of a mediator" (vs 18-19).

Who was the mediator of the covenant given to Israel? Who was the first mediator? Moses! Then you have Joshua. Later then it split down into two parties to do it. It was the elders and the high priest. Then it became the high priest and the king. They mediated.

Verse 20: "Now then, a mediator does not act on behalf of one…" A mediator negotiates terms between two parties. Did not Moses do that? When did Moses do this particularly? When the children of Israel rebelled while he was receiving the Ten Commandments! God said, 'Look, let Me aside, I'll destroy all of them and I'll replace My promise to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob through you.' What did Moses do? He said, 'Oh, God, no! Blot my name out of the Book of Life, but don't destroy all the children of Israel, lest the Gentiles say that You brought them out here in the wilderness to kill them.' This is very important for us to understand!

"…but… [in respect to the promise of grace] …God is one" (v 20). God acted unilaterally. There was no mediating between. God decided He was going to do this Himself.

Let's understand that the only Mediator that we have today is Christ, Who is God. Here's a very important principle; I realize this is technical and somewhat complicated, but let's see if we can make it easy: When you pray, is there a Mediator that you go to? No! You get right on your knees and you say, 'Our Father in heaven…'

Christ is the Mediator at the right hand of God Who is also God. There's no human mediator between you and God! What does this do for a Catholic priesthood? Think on that! Makes it null and void! Non-Scriptural! Think of what that does when you create a structure that imposes itself, which it can't do!

The truth is, no man can come between you and God! They can claim that, and if you submit to that then you're limiting your access to God, because of lack of faith.

  • a Catholic priest cannot do it
  • a Buddhist priest cannot do it
  • a minister cannot do it
  • a headquarters cannot do it

You have direct access to God! That's exactly what we're talking about here in the overall principle.

Verse 21: "Is the Law then contrary to the promises of God? MAY IT NEVER BE!…." Most emphatically—'me ginoito'! Why? Because the laws came from the mind of God! They're not contrary to the promises, but they cannot replace the promises. That's what we're talking about.

"…For if a law had been given that had the power to give life, then righteousness would indeed have been by law" (v 21).

What if there was a law that said: if you kept the Sabbath perfectly for a thousand times you would make it into the Kingdom of God and be granted eternal life, and you did 999 and you died? God says, 'Nope, you didn't do it.' What if you had a long life and you did your thousand Sabbaths early—right around 20 years of Sabbath-keeping—now you are qualified, you are guaranteed to get in. God must give it to you. Therefore, by law, you can do anything you want to and go sin, and God must take you in because you have fulfilled the law of the 1,000 Sabbaths and you kept them perfectly.

Do you understand why it cannot be by law? It has to be by promise and continuous faith and belief in God.

"…For if a law had been given that had the power to give life, then righteousness would indeed have been by law" (v 21). What does the Law have power to do? To bring death! Not life!

Verse 22: "But the Scriptures have shut up all things under sin…" That is a great and profound verse! That ties in with Rom. 3: 'All have sinned and come short of the glory of God!'

All are shut up under sin! That means that God has said that everyone that 'I do not personally deal with, I will let them remain in a condition of sin. They can do good or evil, but unless I call them they are going to have to wait for the second resurrection.' But He 'shut them all up under sin.' When you watch the news and you see all this sin going on, don't say, 'How can that be? Isn't that terrible?' NO! God has just closed them off to sin. They can't understand! Shut them up!

There's going to be a great lesson learned in the long run, but the reason is this: "…so that by the faith of Jesus Christ… [Christ's own faith] …the promise might be given to those who believe" (v 22). This belief is based on loving God with all your heart, all your mind, all your soul and all your being!

  • When you have that kind of belief and faith, do you want to sin? No!
  • When you understand the Laws of God as they apply to us today, are you not going to regulate your life with God's Spirit so that you're going to keep those laws? Yes!

That's the whole operation by faith and belief as we covered last time, by those who believe!
Verse 23: "Now, before faith came we were guarded under law… [He shut up everything unto sin, but then with the covenant to Israel that was a better state of being. That guarded you!] …having been shut up unto the faith that was yet to be revealed. In this way, the Law was our tutor to lead us to Christ…" (vs 23-24). The King James says 'schoolmaster' and that sounds kind of harsh, but the Greek really means 'tutor'—to teach.

Have you ever had a tutor? I had to have two tutors. When I started college, after being in the service and worked in a restaurant for a couple of years, my English was so bad, I sort of snuck into the 'bone-head' English class, without taking a test. Six weeks down into it, the head of the department came in and asked, 'How did you get in this class?' I was getting a courtesy D-minus. It was bad! 'You've got to take a test.' That was Dr. Sharp who was also head of the German department. He had these blazing, steely eyes! So, I took the test and it came back that I qualified for the bottom 25% of the class for English for the foreign born. That's right! I was stuck with a problem! I had to pass 'bone-head' English or I could not continue at the college. I could not go back and take it the second time.

I asked if I could stay in the class if I get someone to help me. So, I got this private school Dr. Moore and she said come on over and they got a teacher. They had a private school that was in three homes, and it was only three blocks from my apartment. This teacher said, 'Let's see where you are, go to the blackboard.' It brought back all those miserable days in English. She took out the seventh grade workbook and said, 'Write out this sentence and diagram it.' The thing I hated—I hated diagramming—came upon me! She said, 'Okay, let's try the sixth grade book. Fred, here's the subject and here's the verb—you got that?' Finally, the third grade book—this is literally true!—third grade book! That's where I started. I went three days a week and she had me stand there everyday diagramming!

To make a long story short, I brought my English up. Incentive to learn, incentive is a good thing and I had it. I learned it. I brought my grade on it up to an A-minus for the last six weeks and an A-minus on the final test, so I passed that course with a B-minus and went on to English 101. My other tutor was a German tutor. But I have to tell you, I learned more about English taking German than I did studying English. That's what a tutor will do for you.

"…to lead us to Christ…" (v 24) That's what it's to do: to show us; to lead us to the point that we understand that we're helpless;

  • we need God's way
  • we can't keep the Law without God's Spirit
  • we need God's forgiveness
  • we don't want to die
  • we do want eternal life

—and that comes by promise! That has to come from within your being because of what you believe.

Verse 25—this is the one where the Protestants tear everything apart: "But since faith has come, we are no longer under a tutor." 'Hooray! We don't have to keep any law! No law!' Not so!

Hebrews 10:12: "But He [Christ], after offering one sacrifice… [of Himself] …for sins forever…" It is profound that it is one sacrifice for all sins forever. So therefore, it had to be the Creator Who took that upon Himself. Only the Creator can make right what went wrong with what He created. That's how He makes it right!

"…sat down at the right hand of God. Since that time, He is waiting until His enemies are placed as a footstool for His feet. For by one offering He has obtained eternal perfection for those who are sanctified…. [those who are called and receive the Holy Spirit] …And the Holy Spirit also bears witness to us; for after He had previously said, '"This is the covenant that I will establish with them after those days," says the Lord…'" (vs 12-16).

That is after the days that the covenant with Israel would cease. Technically, when did the covenant with Israel cease? When Christ died! Technically, that's when it ceased! There was the overlap of 40 years until the transition from the temple service over to the New Testament Church.

But He's saying right here, v 16: "'This is the covenant that I will establish with them after those days,' says the Lord, 'I will give My laws into their hearts, and I will inscribe them in their minds"'"—to actually etch them, and we know now, scientifically that's how we learn. Our brains are actually programmed by electronic chemical etchings in the brain. That's where He wants the laws. Not on a tablet of stone that we can look at and say 'that's a nice memorial, look at that, that's good.' God wants it in your heart and your mind! That is the covenant that we are talking about here.

Galatians 3:25: "But since faith has come, we are no longer under a tutor… [We are directly under God! under Christ! That's what's important!] …because you are all sons of God through faith in Christ Jesus" (vs 25-26). That's what we all need to understand! We're all sons of God! There aren't any greater or lesser. Christ is the greater and all the rest of us are the lesser—if you want to put it that way.

Verse 27: "For as many of you as were baptized into Christ did clothe yourselves in Christ." That's an interesting expression—isn't it? Referring to the garments of righteousness.

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What is this telling us? Everything that we do is centered around Christ! You have "…clothe yourselves in Christ."

  • Did Christ ever sin? No!
  • Are you to sin? No!
  • If you are clothed with Christ, how does God look at you? As if you are Christ!

Isn't that an amazing thing? You stop and think about that! God the Father views you exactly as He views Jesus Christ! This is to encourage us, in the long haul. If you don't understand that, and how God has brought you into this relationship with Him, and you try and do things on your own, sooner or later you're going to get overwhelmed because you of yourself cannot stop sinning! However infrequently you sin, you have a sinful nature, and you can't stop sinning. That leads you to despair! God says, 'Look, let's reverse this whole thing!'

  • you believe in Jesus Christ
  • you believe in God the Father
  • you believe in His sacrifice
  • you believe that your sins are forgiven

Come to God in repentance and 'I will count you as righteous as Christ.' You're going to have to do something. You're going to have to be baptized into Christ.

Romans 5:20: "Moreover, the law entered, so that the transgression might abound; but where sin abounded, the grace of God did super-abound; so that even as sin… [when you have a sinful nature, that's what it's called: the sin!] …reigned unto death, so also might the grace… [which comes from Christ] …of God reign through righteousness unto eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord" (vs 20-21).

Romans 6:1: "What then shall we say? Shall we continue in sin so that grace may abound?…. [NO! NO! God does this magnificent, wonderful thing that, through grace He deals with you] …MAY IT NEVER BE!…. ['me ginoito'] …We who died to sin, how shall we live any longer therein?" (vs 1-2).

What happens when you find yourself sinning, and you don't repent? You get miserable! Why do you get miserable? Because God's Spirit is leading you to repentance! That's what it's doing!

"…how shall we live any longer therein? Or are you ignorant that we, as many as were baptized into Christ Jesus, were baptized into His death?…. [that's the whole purpose and meaning of baptism] …Therefore, we were buried with Him through the baptism into the death… [Christ's death] …so that, just as Christ was raised from the dead by the glory of the Father, in the same way, we also should walk in newness of life. For if we become conjoined together in the likeness of His death, so also shall we be in the likeness of His resurrection" (vs 2-5). That is a marvelous thing, brethren! Tremendous thing to understand that!

Verse 6: "Knowing this, that our old man was co-crucified with Him in order that the body of sin might be destroyed…"—co-crucified! Remember that Jesus said, 'If any man follow Me, let him take up his cross and come after Me.' So, not only did all humanity crucify Christ because of their sins, all humanity will be crucified through Christ, through the forgiveness of their sins, hand-in-hand. Progressive thing: growing, changing, overcoming.

"…so that we might no longer be enslaved to sin. Because the one who has died to sin has been justified from sin…. [that is through the operation of baptism] …Now if we died together with Christ, we believe that we shall also live with Him" (vs 6-8).

You see then how Romans helps clarify Galatians. I think one of the biggest mistakes that too many people do is that they immediately run to Galatians, start drawing all kinds of conclusions when they don't understand Romans and they don't understand Hebrews. That's why going through the book of Romans first, when we come to the book of Galatians it's easier to understand.

Galatians 3:27: "For as many of you as were baptized into Christ did put on Christ." That doesn't tell us the whole operation that we read in Rom. 6 about being co-crucified with Him. This is spiritually speaking, not physically. Spiritually speaking in your standing before God.

Verse 28: "There is neither Jew nor Greek; there is neither bond nor free; there is neither male nor female; for you are all one in Christ Jesus."

That does not change our physical being. That is our spiritual standing! All men are still men—hopefully! All women are still women—hopefully! That does not change, but our standing before God changes! Why is that important? Under the covenant with Israel, you had this: You had the Israelites, then you had the Israelite men, then the women; they always had to deal through their husbands. But, not with Christ! We all deal direct with God the Father—men and women! Free and bond! Tall or short! Skinny or fat! Young or old! We can add all of that to it—you're all one in Christ!

Notice where this ends up, v 29: "And if you are Christ's, then you are Abraham's seed, and heirs according to the promise"—to receive eternal life! That's given by promise.

Let's go back and look at the things concerning Abraham. Genesis 12:1: "And the LORD said to Abram… [Abraham got his new name before the resurrection. We didn't! God changed it from Abram to Abraham.] …'Get out of your country, and from your kindred, and from your father's house into a land that I will show you."

I want you to notice the same requirements here. I want you to compare what Jesus said and what He required of Abraham.

Luke 14:25: "And great multitudes were going with Him; and He turned and said to them, 'If anyone comes to Me and does not hate his father, and mother, and wife, and children, and brothers and sisters, and, in addition, his own life also, he cannot be My disciple…. [Almost identical! He said, 'Get out of your country, and from your kindred' and you go!] …And whoever does not carry his cross and come after Me cannot be My disciple'" (vs 25-27).

What if Abraham said, 'Lord, that's requiring too much.' That would have been it. God would have chosen somebody else.Same thing with Abraham we're dealing with the beginning, so God says:

Genesis 12:2: "And I will make of you a great nation…." We're going to see that great nation was not Israel. That great nation is the firstborn at the resurrection, the Church. Is that not greater than any nation on earth? Yes!

"…And I will bless you and make your name great…." (v 2). Why? Because everything that God does from this time on comes under the covenants that He made with Abraham! Everything!

"…And you shall be a blessing. And I will bless those that bless you and curse the one who curses you. And in you shall all families of the earth be blessed'" (vs 2-3). Notice, that is including all humankind. That's why when we get back into Galatians it says, 'There's neither male nor female, Scythian or bond, and so forth, all mankind.

When God opened eternal salvation to mankind, He opened it to all nations within that timeframe of the apostles. Israel did not have eternal salvation ever offered to them. Otherwise, eternal life would come by law. But eternal life does not come by law. It comes by promise! Here's the promise: "…all families of the earth be blessed." You can take this one verse and tie in with that the 144,000 of Rev. 7; the great innumerable multitude of all kindreds and nations; you can tie in with that toward our day and on back toward Christ; all those that God has ever called of every family, of every nation, of every race.

A very simple account, v 4: "Then Abram departed, even as the LORD had spoken to him…. [he did what God wanted. He believed God] …And Lot went with him. And Abram was seventy-five years old when he departed from Haran. And Abram took Sarai his wife, and Lot his brother's son, and all their substance that they had gathered, and the people that they had gained in Haran…." (vs 4-5).

This was a huge caravan, brethren! This is like we would think of after watching some of the movies. a rich Middle Eastern sheik who had money, wealth, everything, was asked to leave the land. Left his family, left his land! Why is that important? If you give up land, you virtually give up your status of being anything in that world! So, he had a lot required of him.

Genesis 15—this must have been when Abraham was about 84-years-old. All the rest of the covenants of God come from Gen. 15, 17 and 22, but Gen. 15 is the primary.

Genesis 15:1: "After these things the Word of the LORD came to Abram in a vision, saying, 'Fear not, Abram, I am your shield and your exceedingly great reward.'" You might go through some of the Psalms and look up 'shield' and 'great reward' and see how God still does that for His people today. You can put in there Eph. 6: We're to have the 'shield of faith' and all of this. That's all part of it!

Verse 2: "And Abram said, 'Lord GOD…'" He'd been wandering around for about nine years, close to ten years, and he says—notice he talked with God. That's the kind of relationship that God wants us to have with Him, that we can go to Him and talk to Him.

"…what will You give me since I go childless…" (v 2). If you're 84 and you have no children and God keeps telling you that 'in you shall all the earth be blessed.' How's that going to be? This is another lesson. Abraham proposed a way that he could work it out legally.

Here's what he proposed: "…and the heir of my house is this Eliezer of Damascus?" (v 2). It was legal that if you had no children, you could take the leading servant in your house and make him your legal son and be heir to everything that you had. Here he was trying to propose a way, by law.

Verse 3: "And Abram said, 'Behold, You have given no seed to me; and lo, one born in my house is my heir.' And behold, the Word of the LORD came to him saying, 'This man shall not be your heir… [it's not going to be by law, but by promise] …but he that shall come forth out of your own loins shall be your heir.'" (vs 3-4).

{note sermons: The Impossible Work of God #s 1-2}.

Whatever God does He does from an impossible point of view as humans look at it. If you put it into today's world, and you said, 'Okay, let's take bets on this. What's your bet that at 100-years-old he's going to have a kid?' I don't know what the odds would be.

Verse 5: "And He [God] brought him outside and said, 'Look now toward the heavens… [we know this has to be at night] …and number the stars—if you are able to count them.'…." I think the Schocken Bible translation says, 'Now count the stars, count them if you're able to number them'—with that double emphasis.

"…And He said to him, 'So shall your seed be.' And he believed in the LORD. And He accounted it to him for righteousness" (vs 5-6).

If the seed are going to be as the stars of heaven,' what is He promising first, before Israel? Daniel 12:1: "And at that time Michael shall stand up, the great prince who stands for the children of your people. And there shall be a time of trouble, such as never was since there was a nation even until that time. And at that time your people shall be delivered—every one who shall be found written in the book…. ['raised, because your name is in the Book of Life] …And many of those who sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to shame and everlasting contempt. And they who are wise shall shine as the brightness of the firmament…" (vs 1-3) That's how you're going to be in glorified form.

What God was telling Abraham right at first was that He was giving him His promise of 'a great nation, of spirit beings who will shine like the stars.' That's why He didn't take him out onto the desert. There's a lot of desert in the Middle East and it would be very easy to do so, and say, 'Abraham, look at all this sand, so shall your seed be.' He took him out and showed him the stars, because it is a promise of eternal life; everything hinges on that.

I think that it's amazing that when you begin to understand how much Abraham is involved in the plan of salvation, beginning from Gen. 15, it helps clear up so many different things. We're going to see all the way through the New Testament that Abraham is mentioned.

Matthew 13:43, talking about the time of the resurrection: "Then shall the righteous shine forth as the sun in the kingdom of their Father… [eternal life; eternal glory(Gen. 15)] …The one who has ears to hear, let him hear."

I want you to understand the consistency of God's promise given to Abraham flowing through the whole of the Bible. All of these verses we have covered before, but never have we put them together in this sequence. The reason that I'm putting them together in this sequence is very important. The Bible tells us that we learn 'precept upon precept; here a little, there a little' and when you go back over these things you build. God gives the understanding: building, building, building and putting it together.

1-John 3:1: "Behold! What glorious love… [we have it based on love; God loved us first] …the Father has given to us, that we should be called the children of God! For this very reason, the world does not know us because it did not know Him. Beloved, now we are the children ['teknon'] of God…" (vs 1-2).

Why does he say 'now' though we're not? When God says something, it's going to happen—correct? Yes! God has the power to make it happen.

"…and it has not yet been revealed what we shall be; but we know that when He is manifested, we shall be like Him, because we shall see Him exactly as He is." (v 2). We'll be like Him!

Revelation 1:13: "And in the midst of the seven lampstands one like the Son of man, clothed in a garment reaching to the feet…" Didn't we read where we 'clothed ourselves with Christ'? That means:

  • with His attitude
  • with His love
  • with His obedience

—and those translate into the righteousness of the saints are the fine linen. This is marvelous, brethren, how this ties in from Gen. to Rev.

"…and girded about the chest with a golden breastplate. And His head and hair were like white wool, white as snow; and His eyes were like a flame of fire; and His feet were like fine brass, as if they glowed in a furnace; and His voice was like the sound of many waters. And in His right hand He had seven stars, and a sharp two-edged sword went out of His mouth, and His countenance was as the sun shining in its full power" (vs 13-16).

Jesus said that the 'righteous shall shine as the stars of heaven.' Now we are the sons of God. All of this goes clear back to Gen. 15.

That's why when He solidified the promise to Abraham, he started with eternal life, for a purpose, and did it when Abraham was in circumcision, for a purpose, so that he would know that it would go to all people. Can you imagine the legal precedent that people would stand by if He did it after he was circumcised? If you think they had a feud about circumcision in the New Testament Church at the beginning of it, think of what would have happened if Abraham would have been circumcised first, before this promise! All of these things are profound, fundamental building blocks.

Genesis 15:5: "And He brought him outside and said, 'Look now toward the heavens and number the stars—if you are able to count them.' And He said to him, 'So shall your seed be.' And he believed in the LORD…. [Believing God is the most important thing! Then you will act upon that belief! Whatever you believe you act upon.] …And He accounted it to him for righteousness" (vs 5-6).

Read John 14-17—that is what Jesus instructed the disciples, and it is a detailed explanation on the Passover night of eternal life. That was the same night that He took Abraham out and said, 'Look!'

Verse 18: "In the same day the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying, 'I have given this land to your seed, from the river of Egypt to the great river, the river Euphrates"—and so forth. There was the covenant. It began with eternal life, came down to the children of Israel, the land and so forth.

Gen. 17—another 15 years later, still waiting, 99-years-old; God wanted it not to be just difficult, He wanted it to be absolutely impossible! Nothing's impossible for the Lord.

Genesis 17:1: "And when Abram was ninety-nine years old, the LORD appeared to Abram and said to him, 'I am the Almighty God! Walk before Me and be perfect." Same requirement we have for the New Testament.

Verse 2: "And I will make My covenant…" Why does He have to make another covenant? Did we just not read that the Lord made a covenant with Abraham (Gen. 15:18)? Yes!

Why does He come and say: "…I will make My covenant between Me and you, and will multiply you exceedingly" (v 2). Why is there another covenant? We have one covenant, this is #2 covenant. Why? You cannot add to (Gal.)! But you can make another covenant. That's why! Here's another aspect to fulfill the covenant to the physical nation of Israel.

Verse 3: "And Abram fell on his face. And God talked with him, saying, 'As for Me, behold, My covenant is with you, and you shall be a father of many nations…. [then He begins defining it a little more] …Neither shall your name any more be called Abram, but your name shall be Abraham; for I have made you a father of many nations. And I will make you exceedingly fruitful… [No child yet!] …and I will make nations of you, and kings shall come from you…. [now we're talking about nations on the earth and kings on the earth] …And I will establish My covenant between Me and you and your seed after you in their generations for an everlasting [age-lasting] covenant, to be God to you and to your seed after you. And I will give the land to you in which you are a sojourner, and to your seed after you, all the land of Canaan, for an everlasting possession. And I will be their God.' And God said to Abraham, 'And you shall keep My covenant, you and your seed after you in their generations. This is My covenant, which you shall keep, between Me and you and your seed after you. Every male child among you shall be circumcised" (vs 3-10).

Now we're down to the physical nation, so we have a physical token. Before it was eternal life and then got down to the physical nation, but it was basically eternal life. Therefore, it was belief with no circumcision. Now then, here is a physical covenant being established:

"…Every male child among you shall be circumcised. And you shall circumcise the flesh of your foreskin. And it shall be a sign of the covenant between Me and you" (vs 10-11). This is an entirely different situation than the first one. Gen. 15 has nothing to say about circumcision.

Verse 12: "And a son of eight days shall be circumcised among you, every male child in your generations; he that is born in the house, or bought with silver of any foreigner who is not of your seed. He that is born in your house, and he that is bought with your silver, must be circumcised. And My covenant shall be in your flesh for an everlasting [age-lasting] covenant" (vs 12-13). Then He gives the blessing to Sarah and so forth.

Verse 15: "And God said to Abraham, 'As for Sarai your wife, you shall not call her name Sarai, but her name shall be Sarah. And I will bless her, and give you a son also of her. Yes, I will bless her, and she shall be a mother of nations—kings of people shall be from her.' And Abraham fell upon his face and laughed, and said in his heart, 'Shall a child be born to him that is a hundred years old? And shall Sarah, who is ninety years old, bear?' And Abraham said to God… [Let's be practical about this!] …'Oh, that Ishmael might live before You!'…. [After all, Sari even encouraged that, Lord.] …And God said, 'Sarah your wife shall bear you a son indeed. And you shall call his name Isaac. And I will establish My covenant with him for an everlasting covenant, and with his seed after him'" (vs 15-19). Then we'll see in Gal. 4 that has to do with the Church. This also is a type of Christ.

Verse 20: "'And as for Ishmael, I have heard you. Behold, I have blessed him, and will make him fruitful, and will multiply him exceedingly. He shall beget twelve princes, and I will make him a great nation. But I will establish My covenant with Isaac, whom Sarah shall bear to you at this set time in the next year.' And He left off talking with him, and God went up from Abraham" (vs 20-22). And Abraham sharpened up his knives and they had a circumcision party.

I'm summarizing in modern language. What was the relationship that the servants had? They shared in the blessing, physically, that God gave Abraham. This is not an eternal life blessing here. This is physical blessing; this is raising up the nation of Israel through Isaac. They're being circumcised because they are the servants of Abraham and in the case of Ishmael because he was the son of Abraham, but Ishmael is not counted toward the promise; he's just one of the sons of Abraham. That's what happened here.

Verse 25: "And his son Ishmael was thirteen years old, when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin. In the same day Abraham and his son Ishmael were circumcised" (vs 25-26).

Genesis 22 actually relates to the sacrifice of Christ; there are quite a few parallels.

Scriptures from The Holy Bible in Its Original Order, A Faithful Version

Scriptural References:

  • Galatians 3:11-13
  • 2 Corinthians 5:19-21
  • Galatians 3:13-14
  • John 4:19-24
  • Galatians 3:15-25
  • Hebrews 10:12-16
  • Galatians 2:25-27
  • Romans 5:20-21
  • Romans 6:1-8
  • Galatians 3:27-29
  • Genesis 12:1
  • Luke 14:25-27
  • Genesis 12:2-5
  • Genesis 15:1-6
  • Daniel 12:1-3
  • Matthew 13:43
  • 1 John 3:1-2
  • Revelation 1:13-16
  • Genesis 15:5-6,18
  • Genesis 17:1-22, 25-26

Scriptures referenced, not quoted:

  • Romans 1:17
  • 1 John 3:4
  • Romans 3
  • Revelation 7
  • Ephesians 6
  • John 14-17
  • Galatians 4
  • Genesis 22

Also referenced: Sermons:

  • The Two Righteousnesses #s 1-2
  • The Impossible Work of God #s 1-2

Transcribed: 12-17-10